Rural Life and Agriculture Tour - Kasame [ Biz/ed Virtual Developing Country ]


Small Farm 2 - Kasame

The Vicious Cycle of Poverty

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The development trap or vicious cycle of poverty is easily understood and yet difficult to break. Once in the cycle of low incomes, savings, and investment the inhabitants of LDCs, the barriers to development are strong. There are many cultural, social, economic and political factors preventing people from breaking free of the burden of poverty such as the burden of debt, and the demands made by a rapidly growing population. Raising the productivity of land and labour are thought to be essential however. The productivity of labour is dependent on the health and well-being of the workforce. Providing the population with sufficient food has been a central government aim. Governments of different political persuasion have looked at alternative ways of doing this. Following Independence the government of Kenneth Kaunda adopted a more interventionist set of policies whilst the governments of Frederick Chiluba and now Levy Mwanawasa have moved towards a more free market approach.

Game Scouts
Living in Poverty

Radical policy reforms linked to structural adjustment in the 1990s, coupled with episodes of drought and epidemics of HIV/Aids and livestock disease, have undermined local livelihoods, which formerly relied on maize production for a price-controlled market with major subsidised fertiliser inputs.

Breaking the poverty trap requires that the productivity of labour and land rise so that incomes and savings increase. The need for this is more apparent given the rapid growth in the population and the demands it places for food production. The visit to Kasame enables you to explore some of the issues associated with the role of small-scale farms in agricultural production.

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Related Glossary Items:
Productivity
Less Developed Countries (LDCs)

Related theories:
Alternative Indicators of Poverty
Measuring Poverty
Poverty and the Cycles of Poverty